One of the most important aspects of buying rural property that you intend to build a home on is the ability to successfully drill a well that will produce an adequate supply of water. An adequate supply of water provides your household the ability to:
- run all household plumbing
- water your garden space
- protect your home during a wildfire
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) estimates that Americans use between 80 and 100 gallons of water each day. This means that to support a household of four people, your property's well needs to produce at least 400 gallons of water each day.
Determining Adequate Water Flow
There are three different factors that go into determining if a well produces enough water to support a household, including the well's:
- flow rate
- static water level
The well's size refers to both the depth and diameter of the well's shaft. In areas with a shallow water table, the depth of the well will be a lot less than a location with deep water table access. The depth of the well directly affects its cost, as most well drilling is billed by the foot.
The well's flow rate refers to how much water the well produces on a continuous basis. This factor is important because if your well only produces two gallons-per-minute (GPM), then it will take nearly an hour to produce 100 gallons of water.
The static level of your property's well is the level of water standing in the well shaft when no water is being pumped to the surface.
Determining an Appropriate Drilling Location
It is also vital that your new property provides a location where a water well can be drilled. Well-drilling rigs are heavy machinery and require a stable, flat area to set up to drill. In addition, depending upon your local building codes, your well will have drilling location requirements, such as:
- property boundary lines
- septic tank location
- driveway location
Additionally, all roads need to be located away from your property's well to reduce the chance of damage from road vibrations.
As you can see, access to adequate water via a well is very important for your new property. Before you purchase rural property, you should contact a licensed well-drilling contractor (such as one from Patterson Well Drilling Inc.) who drills a lot of wells in the local area. Local well-drilling contractors typically have a lot of information about the water table in the area and can advise you about the possible water quality and well production that you may receive.